- Only 5% of British adults say their liver would be of ‘great concern’ if they discovered they had a problem with it (versus 72% for a heart problem).
- 94% of British adults associate alcohol with liver disease and people with liver disease often feel stigmatised. There are many causes of liver disease and one in five adults drink in a way that could cause their liver harm.
- Most people with liver disease die aged between 18 to 65 years. This makes liver disease the third biggest cause of premature death in working age, with 62,000 years of working life lost every year.
- 90% of liver disease in the UK is due to alcohol, obesity and viral hepatitis and is therefore preventable.
- Around 1000 liver transplants are performed each year. There are 350 people on the liver transplant list at any one time.
- Alcohol-related liver disease accounts for 60% of all liver disease
- Around 7700 people die from alcohol-related liver disease each year
- People who live in more deprived areas are up to six times more likely to die from alcohol-related liver disease than those who live in wealthier areas
- Alcohol costs the NHS £3.5bn every
year and £7.3bn in lost productivity
- 94% of British adults associate alcohol with liver disease and people with liver disease often feel stigmatised. There are many causes of liver disease and one in five adults drink in a way that could cause their liver harm
Fatty Liver Disease - NAFLD
- 63% of UK adults are now classed as obese and overweight, and it’s estimated that 1 in 3 have early-stage non-alcohol related fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
- Despite there being good evidence to show that losing 10% of body weight improves liver function in those with
NAFLD/NASH, there is a reluctance
amongst some GPs to discuss weight
with their patients
- Experts predict that over the next decade, NAFLD will become the leading cause of endstage liver disease and liver transplantation
- 5% of adults in the UK have NASH, which is the more advanced form of NAFLD where the liver already has some scarring
- 180,000 people are chronically infected with hepatitis B and 143,000 are estimated to carry the hepatitis C virus.
- Between 40-50% of those with viral hepatitis are thought to be undiagnosed. 90% of hepatitis
C cases are linked to drug misuse.
- There are around 6000 cases of primary liver cancer diagnosed each year – around 16 people per day. The vast majority of these people will have underlying advanced liver disease
- Liver cancer is the fastest rising cause of cancer death in the UK
- Only 13% of people diagnosed with primary liver cancer survive for five years or more
- Cases of primary liver cancer, the most common of which is hepatocellular carcinoma, have risen by two-thirds (66%) since the early 90s
- Liver cancer is the 8th most common cause of cancer deaths
Download the report
The alarming impact of liver disease in the UK pulls together data from over hundred sources and highlights the scale of the liver disease crisis affecting the UK. Other alarming facts highlighted in the report include:
- Liver disease is expected to overtake heart disease as the biggest cause of premature death in the next few years.
- Over the past decade, liver cancer has increased by almost two-thirds (63%) in the UK.
- People who live in more deprived areas are up to six times more likely to die from alcohol-related liver disease than those who live in wealthier areas.
- It’s estimated that 1 in 3 people have early-stage non-alcohol related fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and that 20% of these will go on to develop the more serious form which can lead to cirrhosis